About us


This is the webserver of a professional teachers' organisation for institutes of higher education in Bavaria, Germany.

As its contents are mainly designed to provide special information for teachers, students and the interested public in Bavaria, all texts but this one are only available in German.

The Bayerischer Philologenverband provides several services for its members (e.g. it provides them with information about school affairs, custom-tailored insurance packages) and above all represents the interests of its members towards all relevant groups of society, in particular towards the Kultusministerium (Bavarian State Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs) Should you have special questions about our organisation or the contents of this website just send an email to bpv@bpv.de.

The following text will give you an overview regarding the self-conception of “Bayerischer Philologenverband”

Most members of the Bayerischer Philologenverband are teachers at a Gymnasium or a Berufliche Oberschule (BOS/FOS), i.e. an institute of higher education in the sense of a traditional grammar school or, alternatively, a technical college. A ‘Gymnasium’ or a ‘Berufliche Oberschule’ includes the highest level of the three-tier school system run in Bavaria. These three tiers are geared to the pupils' different levels of ability.

Any Gymnasium takes the curriculum of year 4 of Grundschule (Primary School) as its starting point and comprises years 5 to 12. It provides an academically orientated general education for future university students, but it also offers preparation for vocational training outside university. The final examination at the end of year 12, the so-called Abitur, leads to the general higher education entrance qualification (Allgemeine Hochschulreife) .

Any Berufsoberschule takes the curriculum of year 10 as its starting point and comprises years 11 to 12 or years 11 to 13. The final examination at the end of year 12, the so-called Fachabitur, leads to the university of applied sciences entrance qualification (Fachhochschulreife). After an extra year the final examination may also lead to the general higher education entrance qualification (Allgemeine Hochschulreife).

How to become a teacher at a Gymnasium (or Berufliche Oberschule)

Any applicant first has to finish a special course at a university which normally includes two school subjects and some basic teachers' training. The final examination is set by the state (1. Staatsexamen). After that candidates will have to do a two year period of post-graduate teacher training (teachers' education) called the Referendariat, leading to another state exam (2. Staatsexamen). During that stage members of the Bayerischer Philologenverband are assisted by the Referendarvertretung (rjv@bpv.de), which counsels them and represents them within the Bayerischer Philologenverband.

Education in Bavaria

is based on a number of different types of school depending on the students’ skills and abilities (i.e. Gymnasium, Realschule, Mittelschule ...). The vast majority of these schools are organized as separate schools whereas in other countries or German states these various types are often considered as different courses within a larger educational institution (comprehensive schools). As the Federal Republic of Germany consists of 16 Länder, or Federal States (one of which is Bavaria), and as each Land is autonomous regarding its educational and cultural affairs, educational systems differ widely within Germany.

For more information about education follow the link http://www.km.bayern.de/education-in-bavaria.html

Bayerischer Philologenverband - Lehrerverband